Sim4Life New Release V4.4

Sim4Life New Release V4.4

This new release incorporates a number of ‘world firsts’.

A particular highlight of V4.4 is the integration of the new Virtual Population (ViP) phantom Yoon-sun V4.0  that features neuro-functionalized nerve trajectories compatible with T-NEURO –, modeled as splines and assigned nerve electrophysiology and neuroanatomy parameters. In combination with the coupled electromagnetic (EM) neuro multi-parameter optimization within Sim4Life’s Optimizer framework and unparalleled high-performance computing/ graphics processing unit (HPC/GPU) performance, V4.4 supports an impressive range of applications from device design to personalized treatment planning and safety assessment, e.g., in the context of electroceuticals.

Sim4Life V4.4 also features the first robust "Maximum Exposure" algorithm for determining the largest power density of antenna arrays of any size on any arbitrary surface via a semi-analytical solver and five iterative optimization methods running in parallel.

In response to specific user requests, we have included enhancements of the IMAnalytics, HPC/GPU and LF solver extensions, together with a whole set of productivity boosts for data analysis and post-processing.

The new release improves user-friendliness and productivity, and includes general improvements and bug fixes, to make your daily work more effective. Feedback, as always, is greatly welcomed – we listen!



  • The spline trajectories and tissue anatomy of the new ViP model Yoon-sun V4.0 (IT’IS Foundation) are now fully compatible with the Sim4Life T-NEURO tissue simulation module. The tissue list has been substantially extended and includes separately named and delineated nerves, muscles, and blood vessels.

ViP phantom Yoon-sun V4.0: movie showing the neuro-functionalized nerve trajectories modeled as splines and assigned default nerve physiology parameters based on literature data.

  • The neural trajectories in Yoon-sun V4.0 have been tagged to facilitate simulation setup. Dragging-and-dropping the model on a NEURO-simulation automatically assigns suitable neuronal dynamics models (sensory and motor fiber dynamics) and the appropriate electrophysiological parameters, as well as the discretization into nodes, internodes, and paranodal compartments. Currently, the parameters are optimized for conservative exposure safety assessment.
  • EM simulations newly support voxeling of dielectric trajectories. This feature is used to ensure that neural fibers are surrounded by a sufficient amount of nerve tissue to realistically dampen the impact  the contrast in dielectric parameters at tissue interfaces. The increased homogeneity of the fiber environment corresponds to anatomical reality and typically increases the effective stimulation threshold.

Coupled Optimizer


  • The Sim4Life Optimizer can now be applied to coupled physics computations, such as the simulation of EM field-induced heating or neurostimulation, making it possible not only to parameterize the model geometry, simulation parameters, and analysis settings, but also to identify whether the parameterization impacts the underlying first simulation or that repetition of only the dependent simulation is sufficient.
  • Example applications include optimization of the placement of spinal-cord stimulators and stimulation settings, such as electrode voltages or pulse shape, based on the computed neural responses.
  • Beyond optimization, support of parameterized modeling of unidirectionally coupled simulations is of value, allowing, e.g., the use of Sim4Life’s Sweeper engine to determine recruitment curves or assess the impact of electrophysiological parameters, such as fiber diameter.

Coupled EM-neuro optimization in Sim4Life V4.4: Model of spinal cord stimulation where specific nerves need to be selectively stimulated or inhibited to promote a natural gait. The electrode excitation patterns and power levels are optimized to generate a subject-specific stimulation model.

Neuronal Dynamics Simulation


  • New electrophysiological neuron fiber models, targeting in particular electroceutical and neuroprosthetic applications, have been added.
  • The new C-fiber model, the first unmyelinated fiber model available in Sim4Life, is based on the publication from Sundt and has been validated against results from that publication.
  • The previously implemented McIntyre, Richardson, and Grill (MRG) model – one of the most frequently employed models of myelinated nerve dynamics – has been extended to distinguish between sensory and motor fibers, in accordance with recent publications.
  • Already supported is one of the most recent research results – one that attracted a lot of attention – on deep brain stimulation by temporal interference. The formula derived in the above publication to determine the distribution of the envelope modulation amplitude along, which has been speculated to be related to the stimulation magnitude, is now available as a special post-processing/analysis filter.

In Silico Implant Safety Assessment


  • The Python API of  IMAnalytics, easily accessible via the Notebooks provided, has been extended to include more options for normalization, allowing users to perform Tier 3 evaluations using limits derived from the B1 field or its B1+ and B1- components.
  • The B1 normalization can now be performed based on either the value of B1 at the isocenter of the birdcage or on its mean value across a slice.
  • Convenient 2D graphing and plotting features in the notebooks have been introduced for easy visualization of exposure distributions across a large range of scenarios.

Unique 5G Simulation Toolbox


  • Novel and exclusive algorithms have been added to the 5G simulation toolbox  to make it easier than ever to include quantitative data on power density in regulatory submissions.
  • The first robust and comprehensive methodology for determination of the maximum power density (norm or total pointing vector) on any surface for large arrays has been developed and implemented. The methodology, comprising a semi-analytical solver and five iterative optimization methods that run in parallel, ensures robust identification of worst-case configurations without overestimation.
  • Surface-averaged power density on flat surfaces (fSAPD) can now be computed even faster with the fSAPD algorithm. A user-friendly interface allows choosing the exposure plane, the averaging area and the quantity of interest (norm or normal component of Poynting vector).

The new Maximum Exposure Evaluator has already been tested by a user. Watch the movie here.

Solvers and High-Performance Computing


  • The requirement in previous releases, i.e., knowledge of the vector potential field (A-field) for the magneto quasi-static simulation (MQS) to compute the induced E-field, has been relaxed; it is now sufficient to provide only the magnetic B-field as the excitation field.
  • The B-field provided by the user is used to reconstruct a vector potential field suitable for driving the magneto quasi-static simulation. The user can then easily check the accuracy of the reconstructed A-field in the post-processor.
  • The new feature enables straightforward coupling of any external EM solvers to our magneto-quasi-static solver and is fully compatible with all ViP and standard phantom models, thus intensifying the focus on induced currents in human body environment setups.


  • Sim4Life V4.4 now supports the NVIDIA Volta generation GPU architecture (Titan V, Quadro GV100, Tesla V100, etc.) which leads to a substantial boost in performance over previous architectures (e.g., doubled speed compared to Kepler).
  • Also new is that the AXE library now allows for computation jobs to run concurrently, i.e., shared memory machines with multiple GPUs/CPUs installed can run their simulations simultaneously on a subset of cards/processors.



  • A very-long-awaited feature is the integration of the Gamma Comparison Method, which permits visual comparison of distributions and provides a metric of their agreement. This very powerful approach, which has been used by our research partners to compare simulations and measurements for quantitative validation purposes, provides a means for handling variations in distribution patterns.
  • A new histogram/cumulative histogram filter allows not only visualization of the distribution of values, but also computation of the exact isopercentiles and isovolumes. Potential applications are the determination of (i) certain standardized dosimetric quantities, where the most exposed 1% of the volume can be discarded, (ii) dose quantities used to predict the efficacy of thermal oncology treatments, e.g., the temperature achieved in 90% of the tumor, and (iii) brain exposure quantification, where the volume or percentage of brain volume exposed to field strengths higher than the threshold needs to be quantified, and more.
  • Selections of multiple post-processing algorithms can now be grouped into a single algorithm, allowing complex workflows to be reduced to just a few customized post-processing blocks with no compromise on the power and versatility of Sim4Life’s pipelining analysis tools.
  • Further, a selection of post-processing algorithms can be easily saved into analysis pipelines for re-use later in other simulations, in different projects, or by different teams.

A comprehensive list of all new features, improvements, and bug fixes is included in the Release Notes.

To experience the power and elegance of Sim4Life V4.4 or for further information, please email us at or call +41 44 245 9765.

The relevant Sim4Life installers for Win7/Win8/8.1/Win10 64-bit platforms can be downloaded here. Existing customers with an up-to-date annual maintenance and support plan, will receive individually all pertinent information regarding the Software Installer Download and updated licenses.

At ZMT we are committed to supporting our customers with the most innovative software solutions, testing equipment, and service.

The Sim4Life Team

EM-neuro stimulation modeling in Sim4Life V4.4: Model of a cuff vagus nerve stimulator (VNS) surrounding the left cervical tract of the vagus nerve in the ViP Yoon-sun V4.0 phantom (including fascicles, perineurium, and different electrophysiological models of myelinated/unmyelinated C-fibers). The close proximity of the carotid artery (red) and vein (blue) affects the performance of the device and the outcome of the treatment. Yellow lines: nerve trajectories in Yoon-sun V4.0.


Risk of potential peripheral nerve stimulation by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) gradient switching in Sim4Life V4.4: Model of Yoon-sun V4.0 with crossed hands to investigate the effect of different body postures on stimulation thresholds to improve MRI safety regulations and standards (coupled with the NEURON solver to predict the impact of arbitrary gradient waveforms, units, body position, etc. on the neuroelectric response of nerves).


IMAnalytics V2

IMAnalytics V2 in Sim4Life V4.4: Computation of the distribution of power density deposited at the tip of a pacemaker across a huge range of MRI exposure conditions taken from the MRIxViP library [link to website]. Results can easily be sliced, diced, and projected onto any dimension thanks to the flexible visualization tools.


Posable Yoon-sun

Yoon-sun V4.0 with detailed blood vessels (red/blue) and nerve spline trajectories (yellow). The model with all its details has been posed with the Sim4Life Poser tool in Sim4Life V4.4.


WPT simulation

Magnetic (H-) field generated in Sim4Life V4.4 by a resonant wireless power transfer (WPT) system for charging an electric vehicle at 85 kHz. The H-field distribution was obtained in silico after analytical reconstruction of the vector potential A from sparse H-field samples.


Sim4Life pipeline

User-defined analysis pipelines in Sim4Life V4.4: Customized post-processing tasks such as mass-averaged specific absorption rate (SAR) evaluations or other dosimetry analysis are now easy to save and reuse.


Validation HW




MITS High Field Strength Resonators

ZMT is pleased to introduce the High E-Field Resonators which extend the capabilities of the MITS family for Tier 1 and Tier 2 (ISO/IEC TS 10974) safety testing of up to 100 mm long implantable medical devices.






RESTORE Project Partners on One-Week Training Visit at Zurich43

This week, doctoral students – Andreas Rowald and Nathan Greiner – from the group of Prof. Grégoire Courtine at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), and Edoardo Paoles from G-Therapeutics, partners on the Eurostars-funded project RESTORE, will be at Zurich43 for a week of intensive training on the Sim4LIfe computational life sciences platform.





ZMT and SPEAG Workshop in South Korea on 27 October 2017

ZMT and Schmid & Partner Engineering AG (SPEAG) are pleased to announce their annual hardware and software workshop, to be held in Seoul, South Korea, on 27 October 2017. Our in-house experts, together with our partners from Dymstec, will demonstrate SPEAG's and ZMT's latest innovations and product updates and provide information about standards trends and our roadmap for addressing emerging industry needs.





Release of the First Verified and Validated IMAnalytics Module V1.0 and MRIxViP V1.0 Libraries for Instant, Comprehensive, and Traceable Evaluation of Implantable Medical Devices

IMAnalytics V1.0 and MRIxVIP V1.0: The first comprehensive solutions for fast, verified, validated, and traceable evaluations of implant safety during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Validation HW




MP-AIMD Platforms

ZMT is proud to announce the launch of our new MP-AIMD Platforms that simplify testing of MRI implant safety (ISO/IEC TS 10974) while accelerating evaluations and reducing the uncertainty of implant model validations.






Successful SPEAG / ZMT Workshops in China and Taiwan

Schmid & Partner Engineering AG (SPEAG) , ZMT Zurich MedTech AG and their distribution partner in China and Taiwan, AUDEN Technology Corporation, hosted the popular Annual Hardware & Software Workshop Series in Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen (China), as well as Taipei (Taiwan) in June 2017. Overall, more than 200 participants from industry and academia explored SPEAG's and ZMT’s latest innovations and product updates, and discovered how SPEAG’s and ZMT’s solutions and technology roadmap adds value to their current R&D operations while anticipating future technological advances in 2017 and beyond.





Sim4Life V3.4 Release

ZMT is pleased to announce the release of Sim4Life V3.4, including our latest innovation – IMAnalytics – for the smooth, comprehensive, fast, and error-free analysis of the magnetic resonance safety of implants. In combination with IT’IS’ novel exposure MRIxViP libraries, the new module reduces evaluations from several weeks to just a few hours.

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